How to Make Your Website Accessible to Individuals with Disabilities
Schools must maintain websites that are accessible to individuals with disabilities to ensure compliance with two main regulations: Section 504/508 of the Rehabilitation Act and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Both of these regulations are enforced by the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR).
In May 2016, the US Department of Justice proposed the use of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 AA standards as the as the guidelines for school websites.
Here are some tips to make your website more accessible:
• Focus on your users and what they need to accomplish on your website, regardless of technology.
• Use ALT text to describe the function of all images used on your website.
• Hyperlinks should have descriptions that make sense, even when read out of context. Avoid “Click here.”
• Provide captions and descriptions of videos. YouTube offers free captioning tools for videos.
• Use headings, titles and style elements for layouts when creating content.
• Use grids to arrange information. Avoid using tables, except for truly tabular data.
• Use an authoring tool to create accessible PDF documents. Avoid scanning and pasting images in PDF. Some authoring tools include accessibility checking functionality for PDFs.
K-12 Website Success Handbook
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